PAMBAR - THE THALAYAR
Pambar originates from the Benmore Tea Estate of Devikulam in Idukki district. It is at Anaimudi Hills the highest peak of Kerala an altitude of + 1950 m above M.S.L of the western Ghats. It flows 29 km eastward through Kerala state and enter in to Tamilnadu state.
It is also known as The Thalayar. Pambar is also a tributary of the Cauvery river.The total drainage area of the Pambar basin within Kerala State is 384 sq. km. The main tributaries of this river is Iravikulam, Mylady, Theerthamala, Chengalar, and Thenar (Vattavada river). Pambar joins with Thenar in Tamil Nadu in Kovikadvu. The bed of the river falls steeply and it crosses over to the Tamil Nadu to form the Amaravathy a major tributary of the Cauvery River.
Thuvanam Water Falls is in Pambar.The spectacular waterfall is located in the interiors of the Chinnar Wildlife sanctuary.It is adjoined by Iravikulam National park, Anaimali and Kodaikkanal Wildlife sanctuaries.The Wildlife Department is allowing tourists to visit the waterfalls. Munnar is a hill station in Kannan Devan Hills in Devikulam Taluk. Marayur is 42 kilometers north of Munnar is the only place in Kerala that has natural sandalwood forests. Marayur claims to be a part of a Stone Age civilization that is as old as 10,000 B.C. Marayur is the only place in Kerala that has natural sandalwood forests.The Kumbakarai waterfalls are also on the Pambar at Kumbakarai village.
Sholas are evergreen tropical and subtropical moist broad leaf forest found in valleys in the higher mountain regions of South India. The Pambar Sholas in all of the Palni hills is now reduced to less than 3 km in circumference contains several rare and endemic plant species including some of the extinct species in coming years. Neelakurinji botanical name Strobilanthes kunthiana is a shrub grow in The Nilgiri Hills, which literally means the blue mountains, got their name from the purplish blue flowers of Neelakurinji that blossoms gregariously only once in 12 years. The Paliyan tribal people apparently used it to calculate their age. Kurinjimala Sanctuary is about 32 sq. km core habitat of the endangered Neelakurinji plant is protected in Kurinjimala Sanctuary in Kottakamboor and Vattavada villages in Devikulam Taluk.